The flagship urban development projects, while aiming to develop a city in almost every aspect, tend to overlook the dark side of the city where the slums and squatters lie. A paradigm shift is required to curb the problem of increasing slums. There is a need for smart initiatives to devise better solutions
India is on the path of development and increasing urbanization plays a significant role in its economic, social and cultural growth. However, urbanization comes with a package of side effects which unless tackled wisely can lead to various urban problems.
Mushrooming of slums and haphazard evolution of unauthorised
There are a number of factors that trigger the establishment and spread of slums, such as, lack of availability of developed land for housing, unaffordable land and built up property for the urban poor,
One of the solutions is to relocate slums by providing affordable housing for which Central and State governments had already taken steps and came out with various schemes but none of them addressed the problem to its core. Most of these schemes offered them houses in the outskirts. It is evident that people come to cities for livelihood and linking housing and livelihood is the key requirement that was not addressed in erstwhile schemes of the governments.
One of the probable and effective solutions to prevent
Adaptive or curative approach is needed for devising effective solutions for the slum problem. Curative approach basically inculcates upgradation of physical, social and economic services and security of land in slum areas. One of which can be ‘Rental housing’. This scheme is a type of housing tenure and was proposed by Maharashtra Housing and Development Authority (MHADA) in 2007 with an aim to provide housing to the urban poor. However, as per the norms of the scheme, the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. These housing projects may be owned and managed by the state, by non-profit organizations, or by both. Such a scheme can also be seen as a potential remedy to housing inequality. There is a need for a paradigm shift in the approaches adopted to tackle slum problem. Rather than using punitive approaches such as schemes that relocateslums, methodologies that cure the issue such as implementing of schemes that involves redevelopment of slumscan be an effective measure of integration with in the existing city system. This is surely easier said than done owing to